The Patterns Of Established Studs


Beginners must be perplexed by the nature of the numerous studs they meet or read about when they first enter the Budgerigar Fancy. As a result, it is useful to provide a sketch of the current pattern of established studs in order to offer a way that may assist newbies in their early years in the Fancy.

Colour-specialist Studs

The first kind is the color expert. These are the studs of fanciers who have a strong affinity for one color and would retain no other in a perfect world. There were and still are many fanciers that favor the Light Green, especially in its Normal form. They’d want all of their hens and cocks to be genuine Normal Light Greens. In reality, however, this is seldom achieved for two basic reasons.

First, outcrosses (which are necessary in all studs on a regular basis) may carry additional colors, such as Blue, or other variations such as Cinnamon or Opaline. Second, acceptance that another type, such as Opaline, may be required to enhance a certain trait, such as spot, mask, or shoulder breadth. So, in the actual world, Light Green Specialists incorporate different colors or variants within their stud, despite the fact that Light Green is the dominant color. The Blue series is similar, but since it is recessive to the Green or Grey forms, there is less of an issue with unexpected color changes, however the problem with Cinnamon types still exists.

Variety Specialists

The variety specialized stud is type two. The goal in this circumstance is to preserve one variation and eliminate all others. This speciality may be divided into two categories. First, there is the sort of expert who maintains a certain variety, such as the Normal, but is unconcerned with body color. Normal Greens, Blues, Greys, and Grey Greens are common in this stud, while Opalines and Cinnamons are uncommon. Other variety experts have Cinnamon, Opaline Cinnamons, and Opalines studs in a variety of colors and combinations. Recessive Pieds, Clearwings, Lacewings, Fallows, and other unusual variants are instances of variety specialists.

The second category of variety specialization is that of the Lutino and Albino, which are distinguished by the fact that variety and color are interdependent. Although the necessity for size and feather necessitates it on occasion, such experts are very hesitant to bring in any other kind or color as an outcross. Miss Kirkby-Mason has an exceptional Lutino stud where no other color was evident. Nowadays, many breeders retain Lutinos alongside more common colors and variants.

The Mixed Stud

The mixed stud is the third kind. “What kind of Budgerigars should I keep?” a newbie once asked Alf Ormerod, maybe with color or diversity in mind. “Good folks,” Alf said simply and directly. That phrase exemplifies how the contemporary fancier is evolving. While he may have specific tastes, quality and the pursuit of the “Ideal” are paramount. Limiting oneself to a certain color or species may be excessively restrictive, and despite one’s tastes, the path forward may easily be chosen by the birds rather than the fancier. For example, two notable Lancashire couples, the Hallams and the Pilkingtons, informed me that Grey Greens had been the source of the majority of their show bench success.
Harry Bryan, Alf Ormerod, and Mrs Moss’ studs were typical mixed studs of the past, and I think the majority of studs now are as well. This tendency is being attributed to a variety of factors. One reason is because judges who must judge all types find it beneficial to maintain a variety of colors and variations on hand to aid them in their judgment. Another reason is that certain fanciers stay up with market pressures and hence take on kinds that are selling well, like as the Spangle in the 1980s. A more acceptable requirement for outcrosses to enhance a stud or improve a certain characteristic. This requires a fancier to purchase birds that may meet these physical requirements, even if the color or variety does not match his tastes.

Personal Preference

Of my personal experience, my preferred color is Normal Grey Green, yet the prominent characteristic in my stud was Normal Cinnamon Grey Green. I bought a Normal Grey Green cock many years ago. I next went to Paul and Joe Frigs in search of a hen, but the only one available was a Normal Cinnamon Skyblue. This sent the stud on a different path than I had planned. Normals, Cinnamons, Opalines, Opaline Cinnamons, and Spangles are now available in Grey Green, Light Green, Grey, or Blue.
To some degree, I am probably representative of many fanciers in my region, but experience has shown me that mixing Normal, Cinnamon, and Opaline is a very effective cocktail in the creation of high-quality Budgerigars. To summarize, I would urge Beginners to prioritize quality over quantity, and to avoid becoming infatuated with a single color or variation, at least in their early years in the Fancy.

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